The northernmost region of England offers a contrast: while it harbors deep roots to the industrial revolution, it is also home to some of the country's most beautiful scenery. The area still bows deeply to its Viking past, as many of the destinations, waterways and hills bear reminders of medieval ancestry in both name and architecture.
For those with a flair for history, journey to Yorkshire, the home of countless castles and abbeys still standing after once serving as outposts of civilization in the Middle Ages. Walk where lords and ladies held court and knights and their foes jousted for supremacy.
Northern England is also banded by miles and miles of rolling moors, dotted by quaint villages and traversed by railways still used by steam engines. Ports and waterfronts in the region mix history and commerce as they remain working harbors.
To see the Roman influence on English culture and architecture, go to Cheshire, which bears numerous reminders to the days of Italian dominance. The region is noted both for its timber-framed houses and shops as well as its various Roman constructions, including the remains of a 7,000-seat amphitheatre and its city walls.
Meanwhile, for the "height" of English topography, visit Cumbria, home of Lake District National Park and the inspiration for some of history's most beautiful paintings and panoramas. Rent a boat to travel the waterways weaving through the countryside at the base of hill and dale.
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